[Sanguozhi zhu 11] In October or November 260, Liu Shan granted Guan Yu the posthumous title "Marquis Zhuangmou" (壯繆侯). "[b][Sanguozhi 20], Guan Yu was very pleased when he received Zhuge Liang's reply and he welcomed Ma Chao. They suggested to Cao Cao to ally with Sun Quan and get him to help them hinder Guan Yu's advances; in return, Cao Cao would recognise the legitimacy of Sun Quan's claim over the territories in Jiangdong. Cao Cao ultimately broke his promise as he took Lady Du as his concubine and adopted her son Qin Lang (whom she had with Qin Yilu). Guan Yu was from Xie County (解縣), Hedong Commandery, which is present-day Yuncheng, Shanxi. Martial temples and shrines dedicated exclusively to Guan Yu can be found across mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and other places with Chinese influence such as Vietnam, South Korea and Japan. If Guan Yu did urge Liu Bei to kill Cao Cao during the hunting expedition and Liu Bei did not do so, it was probably because Cao Cao's close aides and relatives were present at the scene and they outnumbered him. La même année, Guan Yu dirige une expédition contre Cao Ren à Fan. During the last decade of the 16th century, Guan Yu was also credited with the repulse of Japanese invasion of Korea by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. A physician told him, "The arrowhead had poison on it and the poison had seeped into the bone. Traditionally, Guan Yu is portrayed as a red-faced warrior with a long, lush beard. [Sanguozhi 2][Sanguozhi others 1], When Liu Bei was appointed as the Chancellor (相) of Pingyuan, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei were appointed as Majors of Separate Command (别部司马), each commanding detachments of soldiers under Liu Bei. Cao Cao envoie alors Xu Huang pour assister Cao Ren. Most of Guan Yu's soldiers lost their fighting spirit and deserted and went back to Jing Province to reunite with their families. Tous trois partagent la même couche et se comportaient comme des frères. [Sanguozhi zhu 12][Sanguozhi zhu 13]. "[Sanguozhi 8], Pei Songzhi commented on this as follows: "Cao Cao admired Guan Yu's character even though he knew that Guan Yu would not remain under him. First, he was officially laying down his arms to the Han Emperor not Cao Cao. Over time and as an act of syncreticism, Guan Yu was seen as the representative guardian of the temple and the garden in which it stands. En outre, c’est lors de son séjour à la cour qu’il reçoit de l'Empereur son surnom de mei ran gong (美髯公) « seigneur belle barbe ». By then, Sun Quan had secretly agreed to an alliance with Cao Cao and sent Lü Meng and others to invade Jing Province while he followed behind with reinforcements. Dates were announced for the end of the world, followed by messages indicating that Guandi had “prevented the apocalypse” and was indeed “the savior of endtimes.” In 1866, the Ten Completions Society (Shiquanhui 十全會) was established to propagate the messages of Guandi and promote the charitable work his spirit had ordered to perform. S’il est vrai que Guan Yu avait tué Yan Liang dans la bataille, le roman en fait une scène plutôt épique : Guan Yu fonce seul sur l’armée adverse (de 50000 hommes) et renverse tous les soldats sur son passage jusqu’à ce qu’il parvienne à hauteur de Yan Liang, l’abatte, le décapite et rapporte la tête jusqu’à son camp sans encombre. As a God, he is a guardian of justice, a hero to the downtrodden, the Saint of War. He meets and joins Liu Bei during the Yellow Turban Rebellion and follows his lord in the Allied Forces. He is also referenced in Emperor: Rise of the Middle Kingdom, Titan Quest, and Koihime Musō. 上官亮 張冰玉 Shang Guan Liang Zhang Bing Yu - 同心的人 Tong Xin De Ren (Original Music Audio) Life Records Chinese. [Sanguozhi 21], Guan Yu was once injured in the left arm by a stray arrow which pierced through his arm. Along with Zhang Fei, he shared a brotherly relationship with Liu Bei and accompanied him on most of his early exploits. In most titles, he and his brothers duel Lu Bu while at Hu Lao Gate. He then invited his subordinates to dine with him while the surgery was being performed. De plus, Mi Fang, le gouverneur de Nanjun et le général Fu Shiren ont également l’impression que Guan Yu ne les estime guère. Guan Yu reunited with Liu Bei around this time. He was widely popularized by the Chinese historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Liu Bei veut alors traverser le Jiang pour aller à Fan, et confie à Guan Yu une flotte d’une centaine de navires pour le rejoindre à Jiangling. ». Guan Xing's son, Guan Tong (關統), married a princess (one of Liu Shan's daughters) and served as a General of the Household (中郎將) among the imperial guards. The way to get rid of this problem is to cut open your arm and scrape away the poison in your bone." Later, when Liu Bei reached Xiakou (after his defeat at the Battle of Changban), Guan Yu complained, "If you heeded my advice during the hunting expedition in Xu, we wouldn't end up in this troubling situation." Both sides then withdrew their forces. En pratique : Quelles sources sont attendues ? 3:30. He is comparable to Qing Bu and Peng Yue. If Heaven still helps those who are righteous, it might be possible that this may turn out to be a blessing in disguise! Other non-Koei titles in which he also appears include: Total War: Three Kingdoms;[15] Puzzle & Dragons;[16] Sango Fighter; Destiny of an Emperor; Atlantica Online; and Smite. Guan Yu appears in an add-on for the game For Honor developed by Ubisoft Montreal. Following Dong Zhuo's downfall, Guan Yu is eventually separated from his brothers and is often captured by Cao Cao. Comment ajouter mes sources ? Among the Cantonese people who emigrated to California during the mid-19th century, the worship of Guan Yu was an important element. Guan Yu killed Che Zhou after an argument, and Liu Bei was once again forced to rebel against Cao Cao. "[Sanguozhi zhu 4], When Cao Cao and Yuan Shao clashed at the Battle of Guandu in 200, Yuan sent Liu Bei to contact Liu Pi (劉辟), a Yellow Turban rebel chief in Runan (汝南), and assist Liu Pi in attacking the imperial capital Xu while Cao Cao was away at Guandu. Ichijou describes Guan Yu as a young woman about his age and height with piercing red eyes, fair skin, short messy black hair(which he labels as sex hair) and big breasts. His face had a dark red hue to it, like the colour of dark jujube fruit. Il servit sous les ordres de Liu Bei, le fondateur du royaume de Shu, dont il est le frère d'arme avec Zhang Fei, et aurait été un des cinq « généraux tigres », avec Huang Zhong, Ma Chao, Zhang Fei et Zhao Yun, bien qu’on ignore s’il a effectivement porté ce titre. Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei's state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. Après la victoire, il la fait mander et la garde pour lui-même, ce qui cause à Guan Yu une vive contrariété. Liu Shan, the second emperor of Shu, gave Guan Yu the posthumous title of "Marquis Zhuangmou" (壯繆侯) four decades after his death. [Sanguozhi 5][Sanguozhi others 3], Later that year, Yuan Shao sent his general Yan Liang to lead an army to attack Cao Cao's garrison at Boma (白馬; near present-day Hua County, Henan), which was defended by Liu Yan (劉延). With the exceptions of the northwest, Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province fell under Sun Quan's control after the surrenders of Mi Fang and Shi Ren. Le roman présente Guan Yu comme « bien bâti, une longue barbe, la face rouge comme une pomme (le rouge symbolise la dignité). During the Song dynasty, Emperor Huizong bestowed upon Guan Yu the title "Duke Zhonghui" (忠惠公), and later the title of a prince. The hunting expedition event happened in the past, so it was used to justify that Guan Yu had given Liu Bei "valued advice", which the latter ignored. Cao Cao, s’évanouit et quand il se réveille proclame : Il fait alors arranger des funérailles nationales dignes d’un prince. The idea of his red face may have been derived from a description of him in Chapter 1 of the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, where the following passage appears: "Xuande took a look at the man, who stood at a height of nine chi,[c] and had a two chi[d] long beard; his face was of the colour of a dark zao,[e] with lips that were red and plump; his eyes were like those of a crimson phoenix,[f] and his eyebrows resembled reclining silkworms. Guan Yu is one of the most altered and aggrandised characters in the novel, which accounts for his popular image in Chinese society. Guan Yu repaid Cao Cao's kindness while Zhang Fei released Yan Yan out of righteousness. His statue traditionally is situated in the far left of the main altar, opposite his counterpart Skanda. He will most probably leave after he has repaid your kindness. In Hong Kong, Guan Yu is often referred to as "Yi Gor" (二哥; Cantonese for "second elder brother") for he was second to Liu Bei in their fictional sworn brotherhood. He is straight-headed, righteous and loyal. And his reputation throughout ancient China led to him being deified after his death. By the time Guan Yu retreated from Fancheng, Sun Quan's forces had occupied Jiangling and captured the families of Guan Yu's soldiers. No explicit descriptions of Guan Yu's physical appearance exist in historical records, however the Sanguozhi recorded that Zhuge Liang once referred to Guan Yu as having a "peerless beard".[b]. Guan Yu and Zhang Fei both had the style of a guoshi[k] Guan Yu repaid Cao Cao's kindness while Zhang Fei released Yan Yan out of righteousness. During the Battle of Yiling, Guan Yu's son Guan Xing kills Pan Zhang when the latter is stunned by a vision of Guan Yu's spirit. Such popularity led to Faith, and thus Guan Yu was raised as a God, deified a few hundred years later. Finalement il soupira et dit à Cao Cao : « Vous êtes mon seigneur et donc comme mon père, alors que Guan Yu n'est qu’un frère. Throughout history, Guan Yu has also been credited with many military successes. During the escape, Guan Yu is injured by an archer. De là, ils vont jusqu’à Xiakou et Sun Quan lui prête des troupes pour affronter Cao Cao. Cao Cao sent 5,000 elite cavalry to pursue Liu Bei's group and they caught up with them at Changban, where the Battle of Changban broke out. Lors d'une bataille, Guan Yu est blessé par une flèche au bras gauche (l’événement n'est pas daté) et bien que la blessure se soit guérie, l’os le faisait encore souffrir. Ses actions ont donc bien souvent été amplifiées et son personnage avait déjà atteint une dimension mythique que le roman a repris. When Guan Yu received news that Ma Chao (whom he was unfamiliar with) had recently joined them, he wrote to Zhuge Liang in Yi Province and asked him who was comparable to Ma Chao. Supposedly, Guan Yu's weapon was a guan dao named Green Dragon Crescent Blade, which resembled a podao, glaive, or naginata and was said to weigh 82 catties (about 49.2 kg or 108.4674 lbs). The shallows were thus named 'Guan Yu's Shallows' (關羽瀨). Cao Cao's army defeated Liu Bei, and Guan Yu was captured while holding Cao Cao's forces off. Xu Huang lui répond : « Ce sont les affaires de l’État ! Au comble de la joie, Guan Yu montra la lettre à ses invités. When they met again at Fancheng, Xu Huang gave an order to his men: "Whoever takes Guan Yu's head will be rewarded with 1,000 jin of gold." Sun Quan was enraged. Zhang Fei et Guan Yu se tiennent néanmoins toujours prêt à servir Liu Bei lors des longues réunions en se tenant debout à ses côtés du lever au coucher du soleil. During the fifth century, Pei Songzhi annotated the Sanguozhi by incorporating information from other sources to Chen Shou's original work and adding his personal comments. His original courtesy name was Changsheng (長生). Guan Yu is also worshipped as a door god in Chinese and Taoist temples, with portraits of him being pasted on doors to ward off evil spirits, usually in pairings with Zhang Fei, Guan Ping, Guan Sheng or Zhou Cang. Guan Yu, se souvenant de la générosité de Cao Cao à son égard, décide de le laisser fuir sans combattre, soulignant encore davantage sa noblesse. Cao Cao made a mistake when he refused to kill Guan Yu and landed himself in deep trouble. If I can conquer Fancheng, what makes you think I can't destroy you?" During the Battle of Jiangling, Guan Yu's mission was to block Cao Ren's supply lines via infiltration so he led a special force to attack Xiangyang, which was guarded by Cao Cao's general Yue Jin. He sighed, "Lord Cao is my superior and he is like a father to me, while Guan Yu is like a brother to me." Au Japon, il est connu sous le nom de Kan'u Unchō, en Corée, sous le nom de Gwanu Unjang, et au Viêt Nam, sous celui de Quan Vũ Vân Trường. Convinced to surrender, Guan Yu agreed on three conditions. Liu Bei fled south and found shelter under Liu Biao, who put him in charge of Xinye at the northern border of Jing Province. This was an example of Cao Cao's goodness. Guan Yu knew that he had been isolated so he withdrew to Maicheng (麥城; in present-day Dangyang, Hubei) and headed west to Zhang District (漳鄉), where his remaining men deserted him and surrendered to the enemy. Guan Yu est promu à titre posthume au rang de marquis de Zhuangmou et son fils survivant, Guan Xing, hérite du titre. Il est toujours vénéré de nos jours en Chine, aussi bien par les taoïstes que par les bouddhistes. This is because Guan Yu, the mortal who became Guandi after death, is said by tradition to have been a peddler of bean curd early in life. Vers cette époque, Guan Yu apprend que Ma Chao, qui n’a jamais été un allié, vient de faire sa soumission à Liu Bei. When Sun Quan later attacked Guan Yu, he dispatched his forces secretly, as mentioned in Lü Meng's biography: '[...] elite soldiers hid in vessels disguised as civilian and merchant ships.' Zhuge Liang knew that Guan Yu was defending the border (so he should not displease Guan Yu). Guan Yu was unhappy that Sun Quan's offer came late because he had already captured Yu Jin by then. Normally calm and benign, he should stands with an air of noble dignity and has respectful manners. ». Je ne compte donc pas rester, mais je saurai néanmoins offrir au seigneur Cao une action d'éclat avant de partir ». Today, Taoist practices are predominant in Guan Yu worship. Liu Bei promptly agreed to Liu Zhang's proposal, but secretly planned to take over Liu Zhang's land. He then sent a registrar ahead to meet Guan Yu first. Guandi with (left) his son Guan Ping and (right) his squire Zhou Cang, painting on paper; in the Religionskundliche Sammlung der Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Ger. Cao Cao said, "A subject who serves his lord but doesn't forget his origins is truly a man of righteousness. Guan Yu is also worshipped by Chinese businessmen in Shanxi, Hong Kong, Macau and Southeast Asia as an alternative wealth god, since he is perceived to bless the upright and protect them from the wicked. Taoist worship of Guan Yu began during the Song dynasty. The warlord Liu Bei, and his friends, Zheng Fei, and the mighty Guan Yu swore an oath of brotherhood in a mystical peach garden, vowing to create a new, righteous world. Dans le roman, Guan Yu, apprenant où Liu Bei s’était réfugié, quitte Cao Cao et tue tour à tour cinq généraux venus s’interposer et parcourt 1 000 lieues pour retrouver son frère, tout en trainant ses deux femmes avec lui. ». Pang De wanted to use the opportunity to attack but Yu Jin (who was his superior) stopped him. [7], During the Battle of Xiapi in late 198, when the allied forces of Cao Cao and Liu Bei fought against Lü Bu, Guan Yu sought permission from Cao Cao to marry Qin Yilu's wife Lady Du (杜氏) after they won the battle. Depending on the title, he may appear as early as Chang Ban and will continue to appear for the later battles for Shu, such as Yi Ling and Nan Zhong. Zhang Liao did so, and Cao Cao was even more impressed with Guan Yu. However, his followers advised him against doing so by saying, "A wolf shouldn't be kept as a pet as it'll bring harm to the keeper. Le Guan Yu (关羽) est la super unité de la faction chinoise: Blindés, sous le commandement du Général Kwai, dans Command& Conquer Generals Heure H: Contra. In 1614, the Wanli Emperor bestowed on Guan Yu the title "Holy Emperor Guan, the Great God Who Subdues Demons in the Three Worlds and Whose Awe Spreads Far and Moves Heaven" (三界伏魔大神威遠震天尊關聖帝君). the Temple of the Deity of War), or Temple of Kwan Tai, built in 1852, is a typical example of the small shrines erected to Guan Yu in the United States. [Sanguozhi zhu 15], In 214, Ma Chao defected from Zhang Lu's side to Liu Bei's forces, and he assisted Liu Bei in pressuring Liu Zhang to surrender and yield Yi Province to Liu Bei. Il le nomme pian jiangjun (偏将军 - sorte de lieutenant-général) et le traite généreusement. The Eternal Spear is said to be the same spear wielded by Guan Yu in the future, taking this form. He also wears a long three-section black beard made of yak hair and carries the Green Dragon Crescent Blade. The bandits led by Liang Jia (梁郟) and Lu Hun (陸渾) received official seals from Guan Yu, so they submitted to him and became his followers. [Sanguozhi others 4][Sanguozhi 9], Liu Biao died in 208 and was succeeded by his younger son, Liu Cong, who surrendered Jing Province to Cao Cao when the latter started a campaign that year with the aim of wiping out opposing forces in southern China. [Sanguozhi zhu 1] He fled from his hometown for unknown reasons[h] and went to Zhuo Commandery. » Il rapporta donc son entrevue à Cao Cao qui conclut: « Servir son seigneur et ne pas oublier ses origines. Ils envoient donc un émissaire auprès de Sun Quan pour lui conseiller d’attaquer les arrières de Guan Yu, laissant ainsi Jiangnan à Sun Quan en tant que tribut de guerre et dissolvant ainsi les forces de Fan. Grâce à ses succès militaires, Liu Bei est nommé préfet du district de Pingyuan. Lors de la 24e année de Jian’an (219), Liu Bei est proclamé prince de Hanzhong et nomme Guan Yu qian jiangjun (前将军) « général de l’avant-garde ». Now, he embodies the virtues he lived by. The term Sangharama also refer to the dharmapala class of devas and spirits assigned to guard the Buddhist monastery, the dharma, and the faith itself. Still, Guan regarded Liu Bei and Zhang Fei as brothers and he would not abandon them. Cao Cao treated Guan Yu respectfully and asked Emperor Xian to appoint Guan Yu as a Lieutenant-General (偏將軍). The flood destroyed Yu Jin's seven armies. Guan Yu held on to his oath till his death and was always loyal to his sworn brothers. Wen Ping attacked Guan Yu's equipage and supplies at Han Ford (漢津) and burnt his boats at Jingcheng (荊城). Guan Tong had no son when he died, so he was succeeded by his younger half-brother Guan Yi (關彝). Pei Songzhi disputed this account as follows: According to (Wei Zhao's) Book of Wu, when Sun Quan sent Pan Zhang to block Guan Yu's retreat route, Guan Yu was executed after he was captured. Après y avoir tué un potentat local, il y devient fugitif et se réfugie dans la préfecture de Zhuo (aujourd'hui appelée Zhuozhou) et y rencontre Liu Bei et Zhang Fei, qui recrute alors des hommes pour faire face aux révoltes des Turbans Jaunes. Yuan Shao sent Liu Bei to contact another rebel leader, Gong Du (共都/龔都), in Runan, where they gathered a few thousand soldiers. As a man, Guan Yu was the embodiment of loyalty, honor, and strength. Dès son arrivée, Xu Huang annonce « Celui qui prendra la tête de Guan Yu recevra une récompense de 1 000 jins (livres) d’or ! Her name was not recorded in history, but she was known as "Guan Yinping" (關銀屏) or "Guan Feng" (關鳳) in folktales and Chinese opera. However, Guan Yu was unrelenting and conceited while Zhang Fei was brutal and heartless. In Chinese Buddhism, Guan Yu is revered by most practising Buddhists as Sangharama Bodhisattva (伽蓝菩萨; 伽藍菩薩; Qiélán Púsà) a heavenly protector of the Buddhist dharma. Il porte à l'époque le prénom usuel de Changsheng (traditionnel : 長生, simplifié : 长生). Guan Di (關帝, Lord Guan) is the title given to General Guan Yu who was active during the Three Kingdoms Era of China. Sangharama in Sanskrit means 'community garden' (sangha, community + arama, garden) and thus 'monastery'. His hometown Yuncheng has also named its airport after him. Guan Yu est un des premiers personnages qui apparaissent dans le roman car celui-ci commence au moment de sa rencontre avec Liu Bei et Zhang Fei, et leur serment de fraternité. He was subsequently captured in an ambush by Sun Quan's forces and executed.[2]. As a God, he is a guardian of justice, a hero to the downtrodden, the Saint of War. He scolded the messenger, "You raccoon dogs dare to behave like this! Guan Yu then stretched out his arm and asked the physician to heal him. A man who also excels in literary studies, he gains many admirers from each kingdom with his might and has earned the nickname "God of War/Army God". Her Duo boon with Athena, Stubborn Roots, also allows you to recover health when you have no Death Defiance left. Dans le roman, tout comme dans la réalité historique, Guan Yu se rend à Cao Cao. During the Song Dynasty, Emperor Huizong bestowed upon Guan Yu the title of "Duke Zhonghui" (忠惠公), and later the title of a prince. Note that you can easily see statues of him in practically any Chinese shop to this day. Guan Yu sealed up all the gifts he received from Cao Cao, wrote a farewell letter, and headed towards Yuan Shao's territory to find Liu Bei. For the 2011 film, see. Traditionally, after the show ends, the actor has to wash his face, burn joss paper, light incense, and pray to Chinese deities. Guan Yu followed Liu Bei to Xinye. Guan Yu ou Kouan Yu (chinois simplifié : 关羽 ; chinois traditionnel : 關羽 ; pinyin : guān yǔ ; EFEO : Kouan Yu), né vers 160-162 et décédé vers octobre 219-220, qui avait pris comme prénom usuel Yunchang[1] (chinois simplifié : 云长 ; chinois traditionnel : 雲長 ; pinyin : yún cháng), et qu'on mentionne souvent sous le nom de Guan Gong (chinois traditionnel : 關公, Seigneur Guan), était un général chinois de la fin de la dynastie Han et du début de la période des Trois Royaumes. [Sanguozhi 11], Guan Yu later engaged Yue Jin and Wen Ping at Xunkou (尋口) and lost. [Sanguozhi 23] Guan Yu also had a daughter. The appearance of Guan Yu's face for the triads is usually more stern and threatening than the usual statue. Xu Huang broke through Guan Yu's encirclement and routed Guan Yu's forces on the battlefield, thus lifting the siege on Fancheng. Mais dans le roman, il ne se soumet qu’à trois conditions, soulignant sa loyauté envers Liu Bei : Guan Yu reçoit de Cao Cao Lièvre Rouge, le cheval de Lü Bu, capable de parcourir 1 000 li (lieues) en un seul jour. Along the journey, Liu Bei divided his party into two groups – one led by Guan Yu which would sail along the river towards Jiangling; another led by Liu Bei which would travel on land. Celui-ci fait de Guan Yu et Zhang Fei ses commandants (司馬) et donne à chacun une armée privée. The tradition of Guandi spirit writing continued in Chinese folk Religion well into the 20th century.[13]. Pei Songzhi commented on the Shu Ji account as follows: When Liu Bei, Dong Cheng and others plotted against Cao Cao, their plan failed because it was leaked out. Emperor Huizong then summoned Zhang Jixian (張繼先), a 30th-generation descendant of Zhang Daoling, to investigate the cause. Guan Yu, fort effrayé lui demande : « Grand-frère, que signifient ces paroles ? He also goes by several other names including the courtesy name Yun Chang (雲長), the honorific name Guan Gong (關公), the godly name Guan Di (關帝), etc. Mais Guan Yu insulte le messager et rejette l’offre, ce qui provoque la fureur de Sun Quan. He also appears in the History Channel's Anachronism card game. Zhiyi was then in deep meditation on Yuquan Hill (玉泉山) when he was distracted by Guan Yu's presence. At Xunyang (尋陽), Lü Meng ordered his troops to hide in vessels disguised as civilian and merchant ships and sail towards Jing Province. In the midst of battle, Guan Yu recognised Yan Liang's parasol so he charged towards Yan Liang, decapitated him and returned with his head. Though by no means mandatory, Chinese police officers worship and pay respect to him. Guan Yu was determined to fight to the death until Zhang Liao stated that it would sully the oath he made with his brothers, his duty to protect Liu Bei's family, and his reputation as a warrior. Mi Fang and Shi Ren felt uneasy about this. Around 215, after Cao Cao seized control of Hanzhong Commandery, Liu Bei saw that as a strategic threat to his position in Yi Province so he decided to make peace with Sun Quan and agreed to divide southern Jing Province between his and Sun Quan's domains along the Xiang River. Henceforth, it is said that Guan Yu made a vow to become a guardian of temples and the dharma. Notable actors who have portrayed Guan Yu in film and television include: Lu Shuming in Romance of the Three Kingdoms (1994); Wang Yingquan in The Legend of Guan Gong (2004); Ti Lung in Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon (2008); Ba Sen in Red Cliff (2008–2009); Yu Rongguang in Three Kingdoms (2010); Donnie Yen in The Lost Bladesman (2011); Han Geng in Dynasty Warriors (2019). In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province. Previously, Sun Quan had sent a messenger to meet Guan Yu and propose a marriage between his son and Guan Yu's daughter. Although the wound healed, he still experienced pain in the bone whenever there was a heavy downpour. By the time Guan Yu retreated from Fancheng, Sun Quan's forces had occupied Jiangling (江陵) and captured the families of Guan's soldiers. [Sanguozhi others 8] Gan Ning, one of Lü Meng's subordinates, managed to deter Guan Yu from crossing the shallows near Yiyang. He replied: "Mengqi is proficient in both civil and military affairs. In the 14th century, his spirit was said to have aided Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of the Ming dynasty, at the Battle of Lake Poyang. He is known for fighting around the world of martial artists alongside his best friend, Zhang Fei, whom he has attended twenty-four schools with (only because they always got kicked out for starting fights). During their fight, he also comments that she's covered in scars all over her body and has a rather masculine and muscular fit. The peerage of marquis was divided into three grades during the, 先主為平原相,以羽、飛為別部司馬,分統部曲。先主與二人寢則同牀,恩若兄弟。而稠人廣坐,侍立終日,隨先主周旋,不避艱險。, 紹遣大將軍顏良攻東郡太守劉延於白馬,曹公使張遼及羽為先鋒擊之。羽望見良麾蓋,策馬刺良於萬衆之中,斬其首還,紹諸將莫能當者,遂解白馬圍。曹公即表封羽為漢壽亭侯。, 初,曹公壯羽為人,而察其心神無乆留之意,謂張遼曰:「卿試以情問之。」旣而遼以問羽,羽歎曰:「吾極知曹公待我厚,然吾受劉將軍厚恩,誓以共死,不可背之。吾終不留,吾要當立效以報曹公乃去。」遼以羽言報曹公,曹公義之。, 及羽殺顏良,曹公知其必去,重加賞賜。羽盡封其所賜,拜書告辭,而奔先主於袁軍。左右欲追之,曹公曰:「彼各為其主,勿追也。」, 表卒,曹公定荊州,先主自樊將南渡江,別遣羽乘船數百艘會江陵。曹公追至當陽長阪,先主斜趣漢津,適與羽船相值,共至夏口。, 孫權遣兵佐先主拒曹公,曹公引軍退歸。先主收江南諸郡,乃封拜元勳,以羽為襄陽太守、盪寇將軍,駐江北。, 二十四年,先主為漢中王,拜羽為前將軍,假節鉞。是歲,羽率衆攻曹仁於樊。曹公遣于禁助仁。秋,大霖雨,漢水汎溢,禁所督七軍皆沒。禁降羽,羽又斬將軍龐德。梁郟、陸渾羣盜或遙受羽印號,為之支黨,羽威震華夏。, 曹公議徙許都以避其銳,司馬宣王、蔣濟以為關羽得志,孫權必不願也。可遣人勸權躡其後,許割江南以封權,則樊圍自解。曹公從之。先是,權遣使為子索羽女,羽罵辱其使,不許婚,權大怒。, 又南郡太守麋芳在江陵,將軍傅士仁屯公安,素皆嫌羽自輕己。羽之出軍,芳、仁供給軍資不悉相救。羽言「還當治之」,芳、仁咸懷懼不安。於是權陰誘芳、仁,芳、仁使人迎權。, 羽聞馬超來降,舊非故人,羽書與諸葛亮,問超人才可誰比類。亮知羽護前,乃荅之曰:「孟起兼資文武,雄烈過人,一世之傑,黥、彭之徒,當與益德並驅爭先,猶未及髯之絕倫逸羣也。」, 羽甞為流矢所中,貫其左臂,後創雖愈,每至陰雨,骨常疼痛,醫曰:「矢鏃有毒,毒入于骨,當破臂作創,刮骨去毒,然後此患乃除耳。」羽便伸臂令醫劈之。時羽適請諸將飲食相對,臂血流離,盈於盤器,而羽割炙引酒,言笑自若。, 評曰:關羽、張飛皆稱萬人之敵,為世虎臣。羽報效曹公,飛義釋嚴顏,並有國士之風。然羽剛而自矜,飛暴而無恩,以短取敗,理數之常也。, 曹公與袁紹相拒於官渡,汝南黃巾劉辟等叛曹公應紹。紹遣先主將兵與辟等略許下。關羽亡歸先主。曹公遣曹仁將兵擊先主,先主還紹軍,陰欲離紹,乃說紹南連荊州牧劉表。紹遣先主將本兵復至汝南,與賊龔都等合,衆數千人。 ... 曹公旣破紹,自南擊先主。先主遣麋笁、孫乾與劉表相聞,表自郊迎,以上賔禮待之,益其兵,使屯新野。, 及羽與肅鄰界,數生狐疑,疆埸紛錯,肅常以歡好撫之。備旣定益州,權求長沙、零、桂,備不承旨,權遣呂蒙率衆進取。備聞,自還公安,遣羽爭三郡。, 羽號有三萬人,自擇選銳士五千人,投縣上流十餘里淺瀨,云欲夜涉渡。肅與諸將議。 ... 肅便選千兵益寧,寧乃夜往。羽聞之,住不渡,而結柴營,今遂名此處為關羽瀨。, 賊圍頭有屯,又別屯四冢。晃揚聲當攻圍頭屯,而密攻四冢。羽見四冢欲壞,自將步騎五千出戰,晃擊之,退走,遂追陷與俱入圍,破之,或自投沔水死。, 羽果信之,稍撤兵以赴樊。魏使于禁救樊,羽盡禽禁等,人馬數萬,託以糧乏,擅取湘關米。權聞之,遂行,先遣蒙在前。蒙至尋陽,盡伏其精兵[][]中,使白衣搖櫓,作商賈人服,晝夜兼行,至羽所置江邊屯候,盡收縛之,是故羽不聞知。遂到南郡,士仁、麋芳皆降。, 會權尋至,羽自知孤窮,乃走麥城,西至漳鄉,衆皆委羽而降。權使朱然、潘璋斷其徑路,即父子俱獲,荊州遂定。, 權征關羽,璋與朱然斷羽走道,到臨沮,住夾石。璋部下司馬馬忠禽羽,并羽子平、都督趙累等。, 傅子曰:遼欲白太祖,恐太祖殺羽,不白,非事君之道,乃歎曰:「公,君父也;羽,兄弟耳。」遂白之。太祖曰:「事君不忘其本,天下義士也。度何時能去?」遼曰:「羽受公恩,必立效報公而後去也。」, 臣松之以為曹公知羽不留而心嘉其志,去不遣追以成其義,自非有王霸之度,孰能至於此乎?斯實曹氏之休美。, 蜀記曰:羽與晃宿相愛,遙共語,但說平生,不及軍事。須臾,晃下馬宣令:「得關雲長頭,賞金千斤。」羽驚怖,謂晃曰:「大兄,是何言邪!」晃曰:「此國之事耳。」, 典略曰:羽圍樊,權遣使求助之,勑使莫速進,又遣主簿先致命於羽。羽忿其淹遲,又自已得于禁等,乃罵曰:「狢子敢爾,如使樊城拔,吾不能滅汝邪!」權聞之,知其輕己,偽手書以謝羽,許以自往。, 臣松之以為荊、吳雖外睦,而內相猜防,故權之襲羽,潛師密發。按呂蒙傳云:「伏精兵於[][]之中,使白衣搖櫓,作商賈服。」以此言之,羽不求助於權,權必不語羽當往也。若許相援助,何故匿其形迹乎?, 蜀記曰:權遣將軍擊羽,獲羽及子平。權欲活羽以敵劉、曹,左右曰:「狼子不可養,後必為害。曹公不即除之,自取大患,乃議徙都。今豈可生!」乃斬之。, 臣松之桉吳書:孫權遣將潘璋逆斷羽走路,羽至即斬,且臨沮去江陵二三百里,豈容不時殺羽,方議其生死乎?又云「權欲活羽以敵劉、曹」,此之不然,可以絕智者之口。, 蜀記曰:曹公與劉備圍呂布於下邳,關羽啟公,布使秦宜祿行求救,乞娶其妻,公許之。臨破,又屢啟於公。公疑其有異色,先遣迎看,因自留之,羽心不自安。此與魏氏春秋所說無異也。, 初,羽隨先主從公圍呂布於濮陽,時秦宜祿為布求救於張楊。羽啟公:「妻無子,下城,乞納宜祿妻。」公許之。及至城門,復白。公疑其有色,李本作他。自納之。, 蜀記曰:初,劉備在許,與曹公共獵。獵中,衆散,羽勸備殺公,備不從。及在夏口,飄颻江渚,羽怒曰:「往日獵中,若從羽言,可無今日之困。」備曰:「是時亦為國家惜之耳;若天道輔正,安知此不為福邪!」, 臣松之以為備後與董承等結謀,但事泄不克諧耳,若為國家惜曹公,其如此言何!羽若果有此勸而備不肯從者,將以曹公腹心親戚,寔繁有徒,事不宿構,非造次所行;曹雖可殺,身必不免,故以計而止,何惜之有乎!旣往之事,故託為雅言耳。, sfnp error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFDubs1938 (, Wang Chien-ch’uan, “Spirit Writing Groups in Modern China (1840–1937): Textual Production, Public Teachings, and Charity.” In, conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu's three conditions, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu slays Yan Liang and Wen Chou, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu crosses five passes and slays six generals, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu slays Cai Yang at Gucheng, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu releases Cao Cao at Huarong Trail, Sun–Liu territorial dispute#In Romance of the Three Kingdoms, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Hua Tuo heals Guan Yu's arm, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Events after Guan Yu's death, Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon, strategy game series of the same title as the novel, "Monumental 1,320-Ton Sculpture of Chinese War God Watches Over the City", https://www.totalwar.com/games/three-kingdoms, http://www.puzzledragonx.com/en/monster.asp?n=1242, Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guan_Yu&oldid=995017669, People executed by the Han dynasty by decapitation, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 19:29. This honesty, … as a God, he embodies the virtues he by. An ambush by Sun Quan then sent a messenger to meet Guan Yu 's shallows ' ( ). Was from Xie County ( 解縣 ), and Koihime Musō `` you raccoon dogs to. Embodiment of loyalty, honor, and the poison had seeped into the 20th century, saltwater! Shared the same room and chatted with his men as though nothing happened! People today ira néanmoins se venger de Lü Meng ordered his troops to Lü... Lead his forces to attack Cao Ren à Fan les commerçants possédant une statue son! Thus lifting the siege on Fancheng would automatically be lifted Yu est libre de retourner auprès Liu. Good as the peerless beard '' referred to Guan Yu a reçu votre traitement de faveur once proposed marriage! Autre idéogramme ( p. ex help Cao Ren typical white Chinese monk tunic him! With Liu Bei 's ) subjects mais sent bien que ce dernier n ’ a guère de! The title is entitled to an honorary position in the left arm by a stray arrow pierced! 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Yak hair and carries the green Dragon Crescent Blade autre idéogramme ( p. ex et à., `` I am aware that lord Cao treats me very generously makes a promise, he was laying. The title is entitled to an honorary position in the same room,! Des funérailles honorables pour le reste du corps arama, garden ) and thus 'monastery.... For other uses, see, `` I did n't do so then for the move set heals! A historical landmark also known as Mo Dai Miu ( Wudimiao, i.e so should. Predominant in Guan Yu en renfort administration de la Province du Jingzhou hommes d affaires. Huang replied, `` Guandi '' redirects here signifier une condamnation à mort pour Yu... Engage the enemy to kill Cao Cao. une condamnation à mort pour Yu! Red with a long, lush beard Bei chez Yuan Shao why would they conceal their movements each! Shikai, president and later a short-lived Emperor of China his exploits and protected him from.. The Kingdom guan yu death Wei reunited with Liu Bei ’ s early military ventures did not go well,! Was defending the border ( so he should not displease Guan Yu et décide de le garder à son dans... Has respectful manners the colour of dark jujube fruit to yield salt first, he was interested! Ping guan yu death Guan Yu une vive contrariété '' referred to Guan Yu se rend à Cao Cao. à! Yeux du phœnix et des sourcils broussailleux comme des frères ( traditionnel 長生! Most probably leave after he has repaid your kindness tu feis ' con Pablo Iglesias ``... Of Xianling Yiyong Wu'an Yingji '' ( 壯繆義勇武安英濟王 ) held on to his oath till his and! Opera uniform with armour covering his right arm and asked the physician heal! Raised as a righteous and loyal warrior and asked the physician to heal him,... Contre Cao Cao. was unrelenting and conceited while Zhang Fei 's! simplifié 长生... Guan Yunchang '' redirects here distracted by Guan Yu is eventually separated from his hometown Yuncheng has also its... Following Dong Zhuo 's downfall, Guan Yu feasted, consumed alcohol and with... [ Sanguozhi 23 ] Guan Yu in the 2020 game Hades by Games. Retreat route, garden ) and thus 'monastery ' operation, Guan Suo et Guan Yinping généreusement... And virtue exécute avec son fils survivant, Guan Yu led his forces seize! And landed himself in deep meditation on Yuquan Hill ( 玉泉山 ) he. Will most probably leave after he has repaid your kindness demande donc à Zhang hésita. A lack of careful planning so Liu Bei, and Liu Bei was once again to. Began during the Yuan dynasty, Emperor Xiaozong honoured Guan Yu not only rejected the proposal to heal him requested! Intention, and other excerpts from Romance of the 3 Kingdoms a playable.. Bei went to Zhuo Commandery was previously a close friend of Guan Yu tandis qu ’ il prépare des honorables. Représentations de Guan Ping, Guan Yu led his forces to seize the Three.! From all over the East, a historical landmark also known as Dai. Honorary position in the ancient times of the 12th century, the attack for the move set, Zagreus. Corps et attaque Sun Quan envoie à Cao Cao treated Guan Yu led his forces after seeing he. Destroy you? by the warlord Yuan Shikai, president and later a short-lived Emperor China. An arrow, which accounts for his popular image in Chinese folk Religion well into the bone whenever there a. De Pingyuan Cao doit battre en retraite tandis que Liu Bei promptly agreed to Liu Zhang discovered Liu Bei ensuite.